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Yangtze River
   
 

Yangtze River

Southwest of the Qutang Gorge is the Kui Gate, also called the Qutang Pass. Two peaks, Mt. Baiyan (White Salt Mountain) in the north and Mt. Chijia soar above the horizon. The two mountains resemble a gate that might have been created by Heaven and placed here on earth.As the peaks along the two banks are 3,281 feet to 4,921 feet high and the Yangtze River is only 109 yards to 219 yards wide, the Yangtze River looks like a narrow belt winding its way through the deep canyons. The deep gorge, fast-moving water, and chains of mountains form an imposing picture. Because of the Kui Gate, it is also known as the Kui Gorge.

Yangtze Qutang Gorge
Upstream from the mouth of Qutang Gorge is the ancient county of Fengjie where one can admire the Ba Zhen Tu (Eight Element Battle Formation). In the gorge, Baidi City (White Emperor City) lies at the top of the northern bank. On the southern bank one can find an unusual sight--the Chalk Wall--on which numerous inscriptions are carved. Also, Mengliang Stairway and Hanging Monk Rock, which have a legend associated with them, are located on the southern bank. The northern bank is also endowed with some interesting sights. Among them are Bellows Gorge (Fengxiang Xia) where the ancient hanging coffins are located and the remains of the ancient plank road. Holes for the road's supports were chiseled into the sheer face of the cliffs by the ancient people. The road was once the only means of transportation for people and goods while the river was in flood.

Magnificent Qutang GorgeOther attractions include the Rhinoceros Looking at the Moon--a unique stone in the shape of a rhinoceros looking at the moon not far from the Bellows Gorge, the Iron Lock Pass--used to prevent enemy invasions during the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279), and the Daxi Culture Heritage Site - the perfect place to learn about Chinese Neolithic Culture.

After the damming of the Yangtze River for the Three Gorges Dam Project, great changes took place in Qutang Gorge; some historic relics along the two banks have been submerged in the water. As a result, the unique image of a smooth lake rising in the narrow gorge now appears.

Three Gorges Dam
Winding about 3,964 miles, Yangtze River is the largest in China and the third largest in the world after the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in South America. Originating from the Tanggula Range in Qinghai Province in western China, it traverses eleven provinces and cities from west to east, including Qinghai, Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu and Shanghai. Finally it pours into the East China Sea at Shanghai.

As the largest water system in China, Yangtze River is historically, economically and culturally important to the country. It has numerous tributaries including Min River, Han River, Jialing River, Gan River, and Huangpu River. The Three Gorges Dam on the river is the largest dam project and hydropower station in the world. Generally, people consider the river a dividing line between North China and South China. Areas to the north and the south of the river have many differences in climate, scenery, economics, culture and folk customs.

 



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